The Occupation in Figures
Nagorno-Karabakh: 1988-1992, territory 4400 km2; Shusha: may 08, 1992, territory 289 km2; Lachin: may 18, 1992, territory 1840 km2; Kalbajar: april 2, 1993, territory 3054 km2; Aghdam: july 23, 1993, territory 1150 km2; Fizuli: august 23, 1993, territory 1390 km2; Jabrayil: august 23, 1993, territory 1050 km2; Gubadli: august 31, 1993, territory 802 km2; Zangilan: october 29, 1993, territory 707 km2.

Khojaly genocide

Khojaly genocide

Khojaly was Azerbaijani town situated within administrative borders of  Nagorno Karabakh region of the country, on the road Agdam – Shusha, Khankendi (Stepanakert) — Askeran near the only airport of the region. Its population constituted over 7 thousand people. Because of its communication advantage of harboring the civil airport just before the start of Nagorno-Karabakh conflict it had become shelter for refugees. Meskhetian Turks who fled the bloody inter-ethnic clashes in Central Asia as well as Azerbaijani refugees deported from Armenia came to Khojaly. 

In February 1992, an unprecedented genocide was committed against the Azerbaijani population in Khojaly. This bloody tragedy, which became known as the Khojaly genocide, involved the extermination or capture of the thousands of Azerbaijanis; the town was razed to the ground. Over the night from 25 to 26 February 1992 the Armenian armed forces with the help of the infantry guards regiment No. 366 of the former USSR implemented the seizure of Khojaly - a small town situated in the Nagorno-Karabakh region of the Republic of Azerbaijan with the total area of 0.94 sq. km. and the population before the conflict of 23,757.

The inhabitants of Khojaly remained in the town before the tragic night (about 2500 people) and tried to leave their houses after the beginning of the assault in the hope to find the way to the nearest place populated by the Azerbaijanis. But these plans have failed. Invaders destroyed Khojaly and with particular brutality implemented carnage over its peaceful population.

Brutal annihilation of hundreds of blameless in- habitants of Khojaly was one of the most heinous crimes during the armed conflict in and around the Nagorno-Karabakh region of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The Armenian armed forces and foreign military units spared virtually none of those who had been unable to flee Khojaly and the surrounding area. As a result, 613 persons were killed, including 106 women, 63 children and 70 elderly people. 1,275 inhabitants were taken hostage, while the fate of 150 persons remains un- known to this day. In the course of the tragedy 487 inhabitants of Khojaly were severely maimed, including 76 children not yet of age. 8 families were completely wiped out, 25 children lost both parents, and 130 children one of their parents. Of those who perished, 56 persons were killed with especial cruelty: by burning alive, scalping, beheading, gouging out of eyes, and bayoneting of pregnant women in the abdomen.

Armenian officials deny their responsibility for the crimes committed during the conflict, including against the population of Khojaly, airily falsifying facts and sharing own interpretations of them, which deviate not only from reality but also from elementary logic. Nevertheless, even the subtlest propaganda will never manage to disprove the facts that speak of a situation diametrically opposite to that represented by the Armenian side.

Apart from the considerable information in possession of the law-enforcement agencies of the Republic of Azerbaijan, the responsibility of Armenia is documented also by numerous independent sources and eyewitnesses of this tragedy.


The Khojaly genocide is among the most tragic human tragedies of XX century like Khatyn, Hiroshima, Nagasaki and Songmi. The tragedy happened at the end of the century was not only against the people of Azerbaijan, but it is one of the gravest crimes against humanity. Iinternational conventions adopted in the world, universal laws, repeatedly condemned tragedies like the tragedy of Khojaly genocide and stated its unacceptability. Azerbaijan has taken decisive steps in many international organizations, parliaments of the world for international political and legal assessment of this crime against humanity committed in Khojaly by Republic of Armenia.

"Justice for Khojaly" campaign

The world's second largest international organization in terms of its membership, the Organization of Islamic Conference (Note: on 28th June of 2011 by the decision of the Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of member-countries the name of the organization has been changed to Islamic Cooperation Organization (ICO)) has repeatedly condemned aggression of Armenia against Azerbaijan Republic and expressed solidarity with the people of Azerbaijan in the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan. In 2004, the Organization of Islamic Conference established the Youth Forum for Dialogue and Cooperation. Forum also applied to the International Youth Movement, in the autumn of 2007 at "Youth stands for Alliance of Civilizations" Initiative, which was founded within the framework of "Alliance of Civilizations" and offered via its partners, international organizations to raise international awareness about provocative actions of the regime that shed a blood of the peaceful Azerbaijanis. These ideas were in the proposal that the Nagorno-Garabagh conflict should be considered as a conflict that can lead to potentially worsening of the relations between civilizations. The proposal also stated that the policies of Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan, who came to power in Armenia, may lead to the serious violation of the stability in the South Caucasus region which plays important role in world's energy security policy.

At 6th session of the Board of Directors of the ICO Youth Forum in Kuwait in April 2008, the Head of Heydar Aliyev Foundation's Representation in Russia Leyla Aliyeva was elected as the first general Coordinator of the Forum on the issues of intercultural and dialogue among civilizations. It played significant role in drawing attention by the ICO Youth Forum on the occupation of Azerbaijani territories by Armenia. As a result of a  two-day meeting of experts organized by of ICO and ISESCO in the same year in Istanbul on May 17 the ICO Youth Forum, the campaign initiated by Leyla Aliyeva, the "Justice for Khojaly – Liberation for Karabagh" supported by ICO experts and it was decided to mark 26th of February as the Day of tragedy the victims of humanitarian disasters in the countries of the ICO. In addition, it was agreed to submit to the meeting of the ICO ministers a proposal on inclusion of the Khojaly genocide in textbooks on Islamic countries. 

At Kampala (Uganda), at ministerial conference of ICO member countries the initiative of General Coordinator for the Alliance of civilizations of the Youth Forum Leyla Aliyeva "Justice for Khojaly - Freedom to Garabagh" was approved. At the 35th session ICO foreign ministers conference the special resolution was adopted. Support of the resolution by the foreign ministers of 57 countries led to the establishment of political and legal framework in the world for the implementation of this campaign.

According to the resolution, Day of Memory of victims of humanitarian tragedies was established at the ICO member-states. The resolution states that besides the approval of list of tragedies, including Khojaly tragedy, the campaigns should be carried out for dissemination of right information on humanitarian disasters faced by the peoples of the Muslim countries in the twentieth century, about aggressions and ethnic cleansing. 

Upon the initiative of Leyla Aliyeva, General Coordinator for Intercultural Dialogue of Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) member-body of the Islamic Conference Youth Forum for Dialogue and Cooperation “Justice for Khojaly" international information campaign announced on May 8, 2008 has been started . The first event within the framework of the campaign was the exhibition of the photographs taken by children in connection with the Khojaly tragedy and photos of a foreign country's youth in Istanbul, in "Taksim" metro station. In May 2009 at the 36the ministerial conference of Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the ICO held in Damascus, Syria the ministers fully supported the campaign carried out by the Youth Forum on the "Justice for Khojaly - Freedom to Garabagh" and it was included in the final resolution, and members-countries were called to participate actively in this campaign.

In 2011 the Parliamentary Unions of the Organization of Islamic Conference (PU OIC) adopted declaration in support of the international campaign initiated by Leyla Aliyeva "Justice for Khojaly”. At the 13-th session of the Council of ICO Council of Parliaments held in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) capital Abu Dhabi, the Abu-Dhabi declaration adopted by member states calls for recognition the Khojaly tragedy as a crime committed against humanity. This was a result of the initiative of the Youth Forum of OIC “On Cooperation between YF of ICO and Parliamentary Unions of ICO”. It was noted in item 3 of the resolution that PU of ICO member- parliaments recognize massacre in town of Khojaly of the Republic of Azerbaijan committed by Armenian armed forces against the peaceful Azerbaijani population as a crime against humanity. The member states call to assess the crime at the national level.

There is a direct call to the parliament-members of organization and this, in turn, can lead to legal and political recognition of the tragedy at the national level. 

On January 30, 2012, at the 7th session of the Parliamentary Union of Islamic Cooperation Organization member states (PU ICO) held in Indonesian Palembang city traditionally adopted a resolution "On aggression of the Republic of Armenia against the Republic of Azerbaijan" a special item was added on the initiative of the Youth Forum of ICO. The paragraph devoted to Khojaly tragedy, stated that the parliaments of the conference member-countries calledrecognition of Khojaly genocide that took place on February 26, 1992 as genocide committed by the armed forces of Armenia against the peaceful Azerbaijani population in accordance with the nature of the mass extermination, and demanded to bring to those responsible to justice. 

Recognition of the Khojaly Genocide by the U.S.

On February 25, 2010, House of Representatives of the state of Massachusetts of the U.S adopted a resolution on the recognition of the fact of committing of genocide in Khojaly. 

In 2011 the U.S. State of Texas recognized the fact of grave crimes in Khojaly by the Armenia. In the Resolution 535 adopted by the House of Representatives of this state the fact of the annihilation of civilians escaping from Armenian occupation by the Armenian armed forces was condemned. The resolution noted that: "Human Rights Watch" organization recognized this action as a crime and violation of the Convention on the treatment of civilians in the zone of military operations.

In March 2011 Sui Wilkins, congressmen from  North Carolina of the United States, raised the issue of recognition of the Khojaly tragedy committed 19 years ago, in the U.S. Congress.

It should be noted that the State of California, USA also adopted a resolution and proclamations on the recognition of Karabagh as part of Azerbaijan.

Recognition of the Khojaly genocide by Mexico

At the end of 2011 the Senate of Mexico adopted a resolution on the agreement of the provisions of the Nagorno-Garabagh conflict. The decision said that on February 26, 1992, units of the Armed Forces of Armenia attacked civilian population in the town of Khojaly of Nagorno-Garabagh region of Azerbaijan and committed genocide as it was stated without hesitation by the international human rights organizations, on the basis of their ethnicity, and during this genocide hundreds of people were killed. 

The decision at the same time reminds about the process of settlement of the Nagorno-Garabagh conflict, the occupation of Azerbaijani territories by Armenia, and the essence of the Madrid principles and the importance of the return of internally displaced persons and refugees to their previous place of residence were noted. 

The decision also stated that Mexican MP-s respect the sovereignty of Azerbaijan and Armenia and call conflicting parties for making more efforts for the settlement of Nagorno-Garabagh conflict as soon as possible and also called OCSE Minsk Group to provide all required support for peaceful settlement of the conflict.

It was also stated in the decision that, despite 21 years since the Khojaly genocide, the victims of the crime could not achieve justice and it still shows that the central element of any peace agreement should be in its place in a short period of time, as well as relations among the people should be restored as soon as possible, and the harmony between two nations should be re-established. 

Recognition of the Khojaly genocide by Pakistan

On February 1, 2012 the Senate of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan after hearings “On Pakistan -

Azerbaijan relations” unanimously adopted a resolution on the occupation of 20% of the territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the Khojaly Genocide committed by the Armenian. The text of the resolution is as follows:

1. Foreign Relations Committee condemns the genocide committed on 26 February 1992 by Armenian armed forces against the civilian population in the town of Khojaly of Azerbaijan and the occupation of Azerbaijani lands by Armenia.

2. The Committee once again confirmed the territorial integrity and sovereignty of the Republic of Azerbaijan as recognized by the international community. 

3. The Committee demands implementation of resolutions of the UN General Assembly and Security Council that call for immediate, complete and unconditional withdrawal of the Armenian armed forces from the occupied territories of Azerbaijan, and call the international community and international organizations to make Armenia fulfill these resolutions. The international community may also determine the responsible side for this genocide.

4. The Committee supports the efforts of the Republic Azerbaijan for peaceful settlement of the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan.

12 LC 93 0942

House Resolution 1594

By: Representatives Lindsey of the 54th, Taylor of the 79th, Collins of the 27th, and Holcomb of the 82nd

A Resolution Recognizing the 20th anniversary of the Khojaly Massacre and honoring

the life and memory of its victims; and for other purposes.

(February 24, 2012)

WHEREAS, on the night of February 25-26, 1992, Armenian forces attacked the Azerbaijani town of Khojaly and brutally massacred its fleeing residents; and

WHEREAS, 613 civilians were tortured in freezing temperatures, including 106 women, 63 children, and 70 elders, while hundreds more went missing; and

WHEREAS, 1,000 people received permanent health damage, 1,275 people were taken hostage, eight families were fully destroyed, and over 150 children lost one or both of their parents; and

WHEREAS, Armenia continues to formally deny any responsibility for the tragedy while President 

Serzh Sargsyan depicted the massacre as an act of revenge to "break stereotypes"; and

WHEREAS, the 1992 Khojaly Massacre did not get adequate international recognition and it is only appropriate that the victims be properly recognized and remembered.

NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED BY THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES that the members of this body join in honoring the lives and memories of the victims of the 1992 Khojaly Massacre as this year marks its 20th anniversary and express their deepest and most sincere regret at their passing.

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Clerk of the House of Representatives is authorized and directed to transmit an appropriate copy of this resolution to the public and the press.

Recognition of the Khojaly genocide by Colombia 

Bogota, March 28, 2012

The Second Committee of the Senate, as the Commission in charge of foreign relations and national defense wishes to express, with respect to the constitutional powers vested in the National Government, its rejection against the illegal military occupation of the territory Nagorno-Karabakh of the Republic of Azerbaijan and seven districts surrounding this region, and the death, injury, harassment and violations of human rights caused to residents of the Republic of Azerbaijan, particularly those that took place in the "Khojaly genocide" as well as those still occurring from the violation of the ceasefire pact established between the parties, which resumed hostilities.

The Republic of Colombia has been characterized by its spearheading progressive causes and fighting for an international order of peace and the peaceful resolution of conflicts is for this reason that the Second Commission deeply regrets that the conflict between the Republics of Azerbaijan and Armenia persists, and that no solution has been found through the various mechanisms put in place by the stakeholders and international organizations, so that calls to the various stakeholders to strengthen dialogue to resolve the conflict. Always respecting the territorial integrity of both Republics and the internationally recognized borders.

Finally, the Commission urges the government of the Republic of Armenia to comply with Resolutions 822, 853, 874 and 884 issued by the Security Council of the United Nations and the stakeholders to refrain from any hostile act and interference or intervention, which may cause a wider conflict and undermine peace and security in the region.

Recognition of the Khojaly genocide by the Czech Republic

February 7, 2013. 

With regard to the 21st anniversary of the massacre in Azerbaijan town of Khojaly and offering sympathy to the people of Azerbaijan. 

February 26, 2013, marks the 21st anniversary of the massacre in Azerbaijan town of Khojaly, whence Armenian military units occupied the town and brutally killed 613 defenseless civilians. 

The massacre was reported by numerous news organizations and has been declared by Human Rights Watch/Helsinki to be a violation by Armenian military units of customary law regarding the treatment of civilians in war zones. It was a crime against humanity condemned by numerous governments around the world. 

This tragic event is a reminder of what terrible bloodshed can the wars bring and of the enduring need for understanding, mutual communication and tolerance among people all over the world. 

However, the UN Security Council resolutions 822 (1993), 853 (1993), 874 (1993) and 884 (1993), which call on Armenian military units to cease the occupation of the territory of Azerbaijan, remain unfulfilled. The UN General Assembly, the European Parliament, Council of Europe and the OSCE Parliamentary Assemblies by their respective resolutions supported the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of Azerbaijan, including Nagorno Karabakh. 

The Foreign Relations Committee of the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic condemns all instances of ethnic cleansing, massacre and genocide against defenseless civilians, regardless of their place and time of their perpetration. We appeal to fulfill accepted resolutions which condemn all such kind of acts. In this context we still recognize the Khojaly massacre as a crime against humanity, which we condemn and repudiate. Hereby, we commemorate the 21st anniversary of this tragic event and offer our sincere sympathy to the people of Azerbaijan.